The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) decided that Russia should pay Georgia more than 129 million euros for non-pecuniary damage in the case related to the South Ossetia War in 2008.
The Grand Chamber of the ECHR, headquartered in Strasbourg, has announced a new decision regarding the lawsuit filed against Russia in 2009 regarding the South Ossetia War, in which it found Georgia justified.
In the decision, which stated that Russia's no longer a member of the Council of Europe does not prevent its prosecution, the civilian deaths in South Ossetia and the buffer zone and hundreds of deaths during the conflict have not been adequately investigated, and at least 23,000 Georgian citizens have been prevented from returning to their homes in South Ossetia and Abkhazia. For these reasons, Russia was ordered to pay more than 129 million euros for non-pecuniary damage.
The court decided to pay the compensation within 3 months.
South Ossetia and Abkhazia
In 1992-1993, there was a 13-month war between the Georgian army and the Abkhazian separatists supported by Russia.
In 2008, the conflict between Russia and Georgia, known as the South Ossetia War, broke out. After the war, the regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, supported by Russia, declared their independence from Georgia unilaterally.
Russia recognized the so-called independence of these two regions in 2008. In response, Georgia broke off diplomatic relations with Russia. After the breaking of diplomatic relations between the two countries, Switzerland assumed the mediation role.
On January 21, 2021, the ECHR published the statement regarding the decision accusing Russia of violating several articles of the European Convention on Human Rights during the South Ossetia War in 2008.